This work examines the struggle between the Meru and Arusha peoples and their German and British rulers over the issue of land and agricultural development on Mount Meru in northern Tanzania. It shows how the Meru and Arashi, faced with an iron ring of land alienated by European settlers successfully intensified their own irrigated agriculture to bring about what has been termed an indigenous agricultural revolution.
Thomas Spear. Mountain Farmers: Moral Economies of Land and Agricultural Development in Arusha and Meru. University of California Press, 1997.