University of Wisconsin–Madison


I am interested in examining how political (local, national, and geopolitical), cultural, social, economic constraints, and national values impacted decisions on United States Army force structure and employment. How do decision-makers, particularly in post-conflict and resource constrained environments, make decisions on the type of force needed for the unknown future? How have concepts of employment driven inter-service resourcing decisions contrary from the national policy? When called upon, how well has the force adapted to actual requirements? I propose to examine decisions ranging from the post-frontier to post-Cold War U.S. Army.


M.M.A.S., School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KS (2012)
M.A.,  Military Studies – Land Warfare, American Military University, American Public University System, Charles Town, WV (2008)
B.A.,  History and Anthropology, Ripon College, Ripon, WI (1996)


  • US History / War and Society

MA Title

  • “Achieving Operational Flexibility Through Task Organization: How the American Forces in Europe Beat Nazi Germany by Making the Difficult Routine.”

Selected Publications

  • “Review of Review of Hopeless but Optimistic: Journeying through America’s Endless War in Afghanistan,” by Douglas A. Wissing. Journal of Military History 81, no. 2, April 2017, pg 626–28.
  • Making the Difficult Routine: U.S. Army Task Organization at the Army and Corps Level in Europe, 1944. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: Combined Studies Institute Press, 2016.

Professional Affiliations

  • Society for Military History
  • American Historical Association