- PhD: University of London (1961)
- MA: University of Minnesota (1953)
- BA: Bethel College, MN (1951)
Selected Publications & Research Interests:
Guntur District, 1788-1848: A History of Local Influence and Central Authority (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965), initiated localistic, Indocentric approach to Indian history. After editing Land Control and Social Structure in Indian History (Madison 1969; New Delhi 1978), Land Tenure and Peasant in South Asia (Madison, New Delhi: 1977, 1981), Delhi Through the Ages (New Delhi, Oxford 1986, 1993), each of which broke new ground, History and Belief: The Foundations of Historical Understanding (Grand Rapids: Eerdmanns, 1996) delved into philosophical issues and provided a framework for work on the history of religious movements in India. Four edited volumes followed: Christians, Cultural Interactions and India=s Religious Traditions (London: RoutledgeCurzon; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002), with Judith M. Brown; Christians and Missionaries in India: Cross-Cultural Communication since 1500 (London: RoutledgeCurzon; and Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003); Tirunelveli’s Evangelical Christians: Two Centuries of Family Vamsâvali Traditions (Bangalore: SAIACS, 2003), with D. & S Packiamuthu and Chris Barrigar; and Pandita Ramabai's America: A Translation from Marathi of her "Conditions of Life in the United States, 1889" (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003), in collaboration Philip Engblom & Shitija Gomes. His most recently authored book is: Christianity in India: Beginnings to the Present (0UP, 2008).
Among over sixty articles, chapters, and essays are items pertaining to the history of Christianity, Hinduism and Christian Missions, such as:
- "On Roads and Riots in Tinnevelly: Radical Change and Ideology in Madras Presidency During the 19th Century," South Asia, IV, 2 (December, 1982), 34‑52.
- "Modern Education in South India, 1784‑1854: Its Roots and Its Role as a Vehicle of Integration under Company Raj", The American Historical Review 91, 1 (February, 1986), 37-65.
- "The Concept of 'Majority' as a Devilish Force in the Politics of Modern India," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, XXV: 3 (November, 1987), 267-274.
- "The Emergence of Modern 'Hinduism' As a Concept and As an Institution: A Reappraisal With Special Reference to South India," Hinduism Reconsidered (Heidelberg: 1989), 1-29, edited by Gunther Sontheimer and Hermann Kulke (reissued in New Delhi: Manohar Books, 1997), 82-107.
- "Constructions of Hinduism At the Nexus of History and Religion," Journal of Interdisciplinary History, XXIII: 3 (Winter 1993), 523-550.
- "Hindu Fundamentalism and the Structural Stability of India," Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance (Chicago: 1993), 233-55; and "Fundamentalisms in South Asia: Ideologies and Institutions in Historical Perspective," Accounting for Fundamentalisms: The Dynamic Character of Movements (Chicago: 1994), 589-614, edited by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby.
- “India: An Historical Overview,” The World History of Christianity (London: Cassell, 1999).
- “Christian Missions and the Raj,” Missions and Empire (Oxford: OUP, 2005), edited by Norman Etherington.
- “Christians and Religious Traditions under the Indian Empire, 1815-1914,’ Cambridge History of Christianity, Vol 8 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), edited by Sheridan Gilley and Brian Stanley
- ACLS-SSRC (four)
- Senior NEH
- UW-Humanities Institute
History Courses Taught:
- History 443 - History of India: The Age of Empires
- History 444 - History of Modern India: The Age of Gandhi
- History 757/857 - Pro-seminars & Research Seminars in Indian History
- History 753 - Pro-Seminars in Comparative World History